The election, if necessary, to the office of President of India will be held on July 17, 2017.
On November 20, 2016, I wrote a post about how the votes are counted in the US Presidential Election. It is very confusing. Popular vote does not mean a thing. It is all electoral college votes.
You thought counting votes for the US President is confusing. Get ready. Counting votes in the Indian Presidential Election is equally confusing. Here is how an Indian President is elected.
President of India is elected by an electoral college votes. Members of both houses of Indian Parliament, Members of State Legislative Assemblies and the Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry are eligible to vote. There are 776 MPs and 4120 MLAs. But the value (weight) of their votes are different for each state. For example:
An MP’s vote is weighted at 708 votes.
But an MLA’s vote is differently weighted from State to State. An MLA’s vote from Uttar Pradesh is weighted at 208 votes where as an MLA’s vote from Punjab is weighted at 116 votes, Goa 20, Manipur 18, Uttarakhand 64, etc. Jharkand and Tamil Nadu tie for the second place with the weighted value of 176.
How do they arrive at this value (weight)?
For an MLA: It is the population of a particular state (divided by 1000) and divided by the number of MLAs.
For an MP: It is the total value (weight) of all the MLAs divided by the total number of MPs in both houses.
An important point to remember here is the number and value of votes are based on India’s population in 1971. Now it is 2017.
They have a reason for still clinging on to the 1971 population.
Here is a quote from the internet:
"The number and value of votes are based on the population in 1971 rather than the current population, as a result of the 42nd Amendment, and extended by the 84th Amendment, with the intention to encourage family planning programs in the states by ensuring that states are not penalized for lowering their population growth."